Organs and organ systems doing crucial functions as diet, excretion and replica are extremely developed in artnelids. So affiliation of differentiated tissue teams has occurred in them.
6. Characteristic Features of Phylum Annelida:1. Triploblastic animals with bilateral symmetry.
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2. System smooth, vermiform and extra or less elongated.
3. Overall body metamerically segmented and coated by a skinny cuticle which protects the body. 4. Head comprised of prostomium and peristomium.
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Prostomium is made up of head and sensory appendages. 5. Locomotory organs of Phylum Annelida are epidermal chitinous bristles, known as setae or chaetae (misplaced in leeches and in a couple groups of polychaetes).
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6. Entire body cavity of Phylum Annelida is a legitimate coelom which lies amongst the two levels of mesoderm. 7. Digestive tract straight, tubular running from the anterior mouth to the posterior anus.
8. Digestion is entirely extracellular in Phylum Annelida. rn ).
10. Shut blood vascular technique with dorsal and ventral longitudinal vessels connected by smaller vessels. The dorsal vessel acts as pumping vessel. The closed, circulatory procedure is reduced or absent in leeches. 11.
Respiratory pigments are crimson haemoglobins or eco-friendly chlorocruorins. Both pigments are identified in blood plasma, not in the R. B.
C. as uncovered in vertebrates. Haemerythrin is also existing in some polychaetes. 12. Nervous process represented by cerebral ganglia (supra-pharyngeal ganglia) and double ventral nerve cord with segmentally organized ganglia and lateral nerves.
13. Excretory procedure are nephridia (protonephridia) in some, and segmentally coiled tubes open at equally ends, referred to as metanephrfdia. 14. Animals frequently offered with coelomoducts which are channels for the outward passage of reproductive factors. 15. Gonads build from coelomic epithelium. 16. Sexes united https://www.reddit.com/r/PaperHub/comments/x9r6o1/paper_help/ or independent (gonochoristic), e. g. , polychaetes. 17. Improvement direct (e. g. , Oligochaeta or Hirudinea) or indirect (e. g. , Polychaeta, Archiannelida). 18. Cleavage spiral. 19. Larval stage when current is a trochophore. They stay in marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments. 7. Craze in Classification of Phylum Annelida:The classification of Phylum Annelida is nevertheless unstable. No unanimous plan of finish classification is offered in the literature. Before 1950 the course Annelida has been divided into 3 classes:rn(i) Chaetopoda (the maritime Polychaeta, terrestrial and refreshing water Oligochaeta),rn(ii) Hirudinea (leeches) and. This plan was applied by Parker and Haswell in 1940 (VI th ed. revised by Otto Lowenstein). But in the VII th edition in 1972, Parker and Haswell (the VII ed. was edited by Marshall and Williams) accepted Knox’s scheme in which the Annelida has been divided into four courses such as:rn(iii) Oligochaeta and. Barnes (1987) divided Annelida into 3 classes:rn(ii) Oligochaeta and. He integrated archiannelids in polychaeta. At present the class Chaetopoda is not utilised. Myzostomaria which the moment recognized as a different course now dealt with as a polychaete family members. Recently quite a few authors use Fauchald (1997) scheme in case of polychaete classification.